Nida: Formal and Dynamic Equivalence

Twentieth Century translation theorist, Eugene Nida proposes two forms of equivalence for translations: formal and dynamic.

Formal Equivalence: “focuses attention on the message itself, in both form and content.” (Munday, p. 42)

Dynamic Equivalence: “the relationship between receptor and message should be substantially the same as that which existed between the original receptors and message.” (p. 42)

Poets Bickersteth and Galassi have created dynamic equivalent translations of Leopardi’s poem, “L’infinito”.


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